The Importance of Automobiles
Automobiles are one of the most important inventions in modern times. We use them as a means of transportation and without them, many modern luxuries cannot be enjoyed. The automobile industry is a huge contributor to our economy and it has created millions of jobs across the globe. The field of engineering that deals with the development and manufacture of automobiles is known as Automotive Engineering.
OPENS UP NEW BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES: Being able to drive a car allows people to move around the country and world with ease. This opens up job opportunities and enables them to expand their social circle. It also makes it easier to visit friends and family members who may live far away from their homes.
SAVES TIME: A car gives people the freedom to travel quickly and easily in a way that is not possible with other modes of transportation. This can save a lot of time for people who commute to work or have to make frequent trips. In addition, it can free up time for people to spend with their families or doing other things they enjoy.
THE ARTILLERY OF THE AUTOMOBILE
The scientific and technical building blocks of the modern automobile date back several centuries. During the Renaissance, Leonardo DaVinci drafted theoretical plans for the first automobile, and in the late 1600s Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens invented a type of internal combustion engine that used gunpowder to spark its explosions. By 1900, steam, electric and gasoline engines powered cars. These early vehicles had a number of limitations, however, including their slow speed, short range and inability to be refueled while driving.
After the 1920s, mass production made cars affordable to more Americans, and companies like Ford, GM, and Chrysler dominated the industry with their Model Ts and other innovations. Henry Ford pioneered the assembly line, which revolutionized the industry and allowed consumers to choose from a wide range of automobiles at various price levels. Automobiles soon became a vital part of a consumer-oriented society and, in the process, spawned a host of ancillary industries.
Today, there are thousands of manufacturers worldwide producing automobiles for domestic and international markets. Among the most important features of modern automobiles are their high level of safety, their reliability and durability and their power. These improvements are the result of research and development work done by engineers and scientists throughout the world.
The body of an automobile is the outer shell that contains all mechanical parts and passengers. It is usually made of steel, although some modern models are made from fiberglass or strong plastics. The main components of an automobile are the frame, suspension, engine and transmission. Today, almost all cars are equipped with antilock brakes and airbags. Passengers must fasten their seat belts, and children are placed in special child seats. The car must also be equipped with a fire extinguisher and a tire pressure monitoring system.